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A Low-Cost Rotary Optical Potentiometer Mechanism Based on Optoelectronics Technique

[+] Author Affiliations
Young-shin Kwon, Won-jong Kim

Texas A&M University, College Station, TX

Paper No. DSCC2014-5947, pp. V003T44A003; 7 pages
  • ASME 2014 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 3: Industrial Applications; Modeling for Oil and Gas, Control and Validation, Estimation, and Control of Automotive Systems; Multi-Agent and Networked Systems; Control System Design; Physical Human-Robot Interaction; Rehabilitation Robotics; Sensing and Actuation for Control; Biomedical Systems; Time Delay Systems and Stability; Unmanned Ground and Surface Robotics; Vehicle Motion Controls; Vibration Analysis and Isolation; Vibration and Control for Energy Harvesting; Wind Energy
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, October 22–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4620-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


A novel low-cost high-precision absolute rotary angle-sensing mechanism using optoelectronic components is proposed. Its working principle is based on the change of the optical power reflected off the monotone-colored pattern track from a red light emitting diode (LED) to a red-green-blue (RGB) sensor. The main advantages of this low-cost sensor are its simplicity, high resolution, and non-contacting structure. The propagation mechanism for the output voltage of the RGB sensor from a red LED source is formulated analytically. The stationary rectangular-window mask between the cylindrical black-colored V-shape track and the RGB sensor is also employed to linearize the received optical power with circular beam pattern. The effect from the black-and-white laser-printer resolution is studied with various reference angles using a high-precision potentiometer. The performance of the proposed optical rotary potentiometer mechanism is demonstrated using a rotary position-control test bed. The bandwidth (BW) of 4.42 kHz, resolution of 0.167°, and nonlinearity of 2.8% are achieved.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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