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Experimental Validation of a Nonlinear Self-Tuning Observer

[+] Author Affiliations
Constantine G. Mastory, Nabil G. Chalhoub

Wayne State University, Detroit, MI

Paper No. DSCC2014-5968, pp. V003T38A002; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/DSCC2014-5968
From:
  • ASME 2014 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 3: Industrial Applications; Modeling for Oil and Gas, Control and Validation, Estimation, and Control of Automotive Systems; Multi-Agent and Networked Systems; Control System Design; Physical Human-Robot Interaction; Rehabilitation Robotics; Sensing and Actuation for Control; Biomedical Systems; Time Delay Systems and Stability; Unmanned Ground and Surface Robotics; Vehicle Motion Controls; Vibration Analysis and Isolation; Vibration and Control for Energy Harvesting; Wind Energy
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, October 22–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4620-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

The present work provides an experimental validation for the robust performance of a nonlinear self-tuning observer in accurately estimating the state variables of a structure with configuration-dependent natural frequencies. The observer design combines the advantages of the variable structure systems theory and the self-tuning fuzzy logic technique. The robustness of the observer enables the use of an imprecise model of the plant while the self-tuning characteristic eliminates the need for the extensive tuning of a fixed rule-based expert fuzzy inference system.

The experimental set-up consists of a spherical robotic manipulator with the protruding portion of the third link from the second link considered to be deformable. The prismatic joint induces considerable variations in the natural frequencies of the flexible element. The observer has been implemented to estimate the generalized coordinates pertaining to the flexible motion of the third link. The experimental results confirm the robustness of the observer in accurately estimating the required state variables of the system in spite of significant modeling imprecision and disturbances.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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