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Reduction of a Finite Volume Model for Control of the Solidification Front in a Remelting Process

[+] Author Affiliations
Luis Felipe Lopez, Joseph J. Beaman

The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Paper No. DSCC2014-6178, pp. V002T35A005; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/DSCC2014-6178
From:
  • ASME 2014 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Dynamic Modeling and Diagnostics in Biomedical Systems; Dynamics and Control of Wind Energy Systems; Vehicle Energy Management Optimization; Energy Storage, Optimization; Transportation and Grid Applications; Estimation and Identification Methods, Tracking, Detection, Alternative Propulsion Systems; Ground and Space Vehicle Dynamics; Intelligent Transportation Systems and Control; Energy Harvesting; Modeling and Control for Thermo-Fluid Applications, IC Engines, Manufacturing
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, October 22–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4619-3
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

Remelting is used in the production of superalloy ingots. In these processes, stabilization of the solidification front is crucial in the prevention of segregation defects. However, models that account for solidification dynamics often are distributed-parameter multi-physics models that are not used in process control due to their complexity. This paper outlines model reduction for a remelting process based on a multi-physics finite volume model. A reduced-order model is constructed from a state-space realization where only transport phenomena are included. Balancing-free square-root singular perturbation approximation is used to construct a minimal reduced system, and then modal residualization is performed to remove modes that lie outside of the bandwidth of the actuators. The obtained reduced-order model was used to design an LQG controller. Simulation results verify that using the proposed reduced-order model for estimation and control can result in more accurate solidification control, when compared to a simplified model that accounts only for thermal processes.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Solidification

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