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Power Take-Off Control of In-Stream Hydrokinetic Turbines

[+] Author Affiliations
Nikolaos I. Xiros, Vasileios Tzelepis

University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA

James H. VanZwieten, Jr.

Florida Atlantic University, Bota Raton, FL

Cornel Sultan

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. DSCC2014-6247, pp. V002T32A003; 10 pages
  • ASME 2014 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Dynamic Modeling and Diagnostics in Biomedical Systems; Dynamics and Control of Wind Energy Systems; Vehicle Energy Management Optimization; Energy Storage, Optimization; Transportation and Grid Applications; Estimation and Identification Methods, Tracking, Detection, Alternative Propulsion Systems; Ground and Space Vehicle Dynamics; Intelligent Transportation Systems and Control; Energy Harvesting; Modeling and Control for Thermo-Fluid Applications, IC Engines, Manufacturing
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, October 22–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4619-3
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


In-stream hydrokinetic electricity production, electricity generation from moving currents without the use of dams, has significant potential for increasing electric power production. This project evaluates a control system designed to regulate rotor rate (rpm) to improve power production from in-stream hydrokinetic turbines. The control algorithm is evaluated using both a numerical model of a rigidly mounted tidal turbine and a numerical model of a moored ocean current turbine system. These two system models are each coupled to an induction electric machine model. Based on the turbine torque-speed characteristic, as well as the asynchronous machine features, a Look-Up-Table (LUT) is used to generate the frequency of the sinusoidal voltages of the three phases to be supplied to the machine. However, to compensate for disturbances and perturbations of the power-plant a PI controller is generating a correction term for electrical frequency superimposed to the output of the LUT. A first round of simulations using the numerical models was performed in order to evaluate the developed algorithms.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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