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Switching Adaptive Observer for Lithium-Ion Battery State of Charge Estimation

[+] Author Affiliations
Yonghua Li, R. Dyche Anderson

Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Paper No. DSCC2014-6061, pp. V002T23A003; 7 pages
  • ASME 2014 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Dynamic Modeling and Diagnostics in Biomedical Systems; Dynamics and Control of Wind Energy Systems; Vehicle Energy Management Optimization; Energy Storage, Optimization; Transportation and Grid Applications; Estimation and Identification Methods, Tracking, Detection, Alternative Propulsion Systems; Ground and Space Vehicle Dynamics; Intelligent Transportation Systems and Control; Energy Harvesting; Modeling and Control for Thermo-Fluid Applications, IC Engines, Manufacturing
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, October 22–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4619-3
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


A switching adaptive observer is proposed for estimation of state of charge (SOC) for lithium ion batteries used in electrified automotive propulsion systems. The base observer includes (i) a parameter estimation subsystem including a recursive parameter estimator for identifying battery parameters and (ii) an open circuit voltage (OCV) estimation subsystem including a nonlinear adaptive observer for estimating battery OCV. A timer as well as excitation level determination decides when the ampere-hour integration based SOC or estimated OCV based SOC is used as output. Using this approach, transient response of the adaptive SOC estimator is greatly improved. Examples are used to show the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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