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Adaptive Observer Design for a Li-Ion Cell Based on Coupled Electrochemical-Thermal Model

[+] Author Affiliations
Satadru Dey, Beshah Ayalew, Pierluigi Pisu

Clemson University, Greenville, SC

Paper No. DSCC2014-5986, pp. V002T23A001; 10 pages
  • ASME 2014 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Dynamic Modeling and Diagnostics in Biomedical Systems; Dynamics and Control of Wind Energy Systems; Vehicle Energy Management Optimization; Energy Storage, Optimization; Transportation and Grid Applications; Estimation and Identification Methods, Tracking, Detection, Alternative Propulsion Systems; Ground and Space Vehicle Dynamics; Intelligent Transportation Systems and Control; Energy Harvesting; Modeling and Control for Thermo-Fluid Applications, IC Engines, Manufacturing
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, October 22–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4619-3
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Accurate real-time knowledge of battery internal states and physical parameters is of the utmost importance for intelligent battery management. Electrochemical models are arguably more accurate in capturing physical phenomena inside the cells compared to their data-driven or equivalent circuit based counterparts. Moreover, consideration of the coupling between electrochemical and thermal dynamics can be potentially beneficial for accurate estimation. In this paper, a nonlinear adaptive observer design is presented based on a coupled electrochemical-thermal model for a Li-ion cell. The proposed adaptive observer estimates distributed Li-ion concentrations, lumped temperature and some electrochemical parameters simultaneously. The observer design is split into two separate parts to simplify the design procedure and gain tuning. These separate parts are designed based on Lyapunov’s stability analysis guaranteeing the convergence of the combined state-parameter estimates. Simulation studies are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the scheme.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Design



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