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Design Modeling and Control of a Lab-Scale Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Testbed for Wind Turbines With Simulated Input and Demand Power Variability

[+] Author Affiliations
Farzad A. Shirazi, Pieter Gagnon, Perry Y. Li, James D. Van de Ven

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

Paper No. DSCC2014-6099, pp. V002T22A004; 7 pages
  • ASME 2014 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Dynamic Modeling and Diagnostics in Biomedical Systems; Dynamics and Control of Wind Energy Systems; Vehicle Energy Management Optimization; Energy Storage, Optimization; Transportation and Grid Applications; Estimation and Identification Methods, Tracking, Detection, Alternative Propulsion Systems; Ground and Space Vehicle Dynamics; Intelligent Transportation Systems and Control; Energy Harvesting; Modeling and Control for Thermo-Fluid Applications, IC Engines, Manufacturing
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, October 22–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4619-3
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


A Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) test-bed has been developed to experimentally demonstrate the energy storage concept proposed in [1] for offshore wind turbines. The design of the testbed has been adapted to the available air compression/expansion technology. The main components of the system consist of an open accumulator, a hydraulic pumpmotor, air compressor/expander, an electrical generator and load, a differential gearbox and a hydraulic control valve. These components are first characterized and then a dynamic model of the system has been developed. The objective is to regulate the output current/voltage of the generator while maintaining a constant accumulator pressure in the presence of input and demand power variations in the system. This is achieved by Proportional-Integrator (PI) control of pumpmotor displacement and field current of the generator. The stability of these controllers has been proved using an energy-based Lyapunov function. Experimental results for storage and regeneration modes have been presented showing excellent performance of the system in response to power disturbances.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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