Deposition and Testing of Thermal Barrier Coatings on Gas Turbine Vanes PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
M. Tului

C.S.M. S.p.A.

G. C. Gualco, R. Scarpellini

Ansaldo Ricerche S.r.l

Paper No. 99-GT-417, pp. V004T02A019; 5 pages
  • ASME 1999 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 4: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; IGTI Scholar Award; General
  • Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, June 7–10, 1999
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7861-3
  • Copyright © 1999 by ASME


An innovative methodology to deposit, by plasma spraying, ceramic thermal barrier coatings on gas turbine blades and vanes was developed. Such a methodology produces a pattern of microcracks in the coating, thus improving its thermal shock resistance.

After a laboratory campaign of process optimization and coating characterization, real components were coated with a 150 μm thick layer of NiCoCrAlY as a bond coat and a 300 μm thick layer of ZrO2, partially stabilised with 8%of Y2O3, as a top coat. In particular, four vanes, taken from the first stage of a land based gas turbine (V64.3, produced by Ansaldo), were coated on the whole airfoil.

The four vanes were submitted to a cyclic oxidation test in a burner rig simulating the operative conditions of a gas turbine. In particular, they were exposed to a gas flow with the same composition, temperature and speed of the inlet gas of a real gas turbine; moreover, they were cooled by an internal stream of compressed air for obtaining the same temperature profile of a vane in operation. The surface temperature of the vanes was monitored during the test by an optical pyrometer and the internal temperature by a thermocouple.

After 550 hours of test, corresponding to 550 cycles, the four vanes did not show any sign of damage.

Copyright © 1999 by ASME
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