Handling of a Semiclosed Cycle Gas Turbine With a Carbon Dioxide-Argon Working Fluid FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Inaki Ulizar

Industria de Turbopropulsores - Ajalvir, Torrejon de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain

Pericles Pilidis

Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedford, U.K.

Paper No. 99-GT-374, pp. V002T04A015; 7 pages
  • ASME 1999 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, June 7–10, 1999
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7859-0
  • Copyright © 1999 by ASME


This paper outlines the handling of a semi closed cycle gas turbine, its working fluid is carbon dioxide and the fuel is low heating value gas from coal. At startup however, air and natural gas are used. The objective of the machine is to produce clean electricity with the smallest efficiency penalty.

Many aspects of the operation of the engine are examined here; these include starting requirements, stator vane and bleed valve scheduling and the working fluid transition from air to carbon dioxide. Other features highlighted are the compressor operating lines and surge margins. The present paper describes the salient features of the three main stages into which the engine operation has been divided. These stages are: startup to synchronous idle, change of working fluid (from air to Carbon Dioxide-Argon) and fuel (from natural gas to coal synthetic gas) at synchronous idle and part load operation.

Preliminary findings show that engine handling can be carried out effectively with variable stators. This is possible because of the two shaft gas generator. Another point of interest is the large increase of corrected speed relative to rotational speed experienced when the working fluid changes from air to carbon dioxide. In general the control of the engine does not seem to present any insurmountable problems despite the complexities arising from the need to change working fluid and fuel.

Copyright © 1999 by ASME
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