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Introduction and Performance Prediction of a Nutating-Disk Engine FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
T. Korakianitis

Washington University, St. Louis, MO

L. Meyer, M. Boruta

Kinetic R& D, Inc., Elk Grove Village, Chicago, IL

H. E. McCormick

C-K Engineering, Inc., Ballwin, MO

Paper No. 99-GT-279, pp. V002T04A007; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/99-GT-279
From:
  • ASME 1999 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, June 7–10, 1999
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7859-0
  • Copyright © 1999 by ASME

abstract

A new type of internal combustion engine and its thermodynamic cycle are introduced. The core of the engine is a nutating non-rotating disk, with the center of its hub mounted in the middle of a Z-shaped shaft. The two ends of the shaft rotate, while the disk nutates. The motion of the disk circumference prescribes a portion of a sphere. A portion of the area of the disk is used for intake and compression, a portion is used to seal against a center casing, and the remaining portion is used for expansion and exhaust. The compressed air is admitted to an external accumulator, and then into an external combustion chamber before it is admitted to the power side of the disk. The accumulator and combustion chamber are kept at constant pressures. The engine has a few analogies with piston-engine operation, but like a gas turbine it has dedicated spaces and devices for compression, burning and expansion. The thermal efficiency is similar to that of comparably-sized simple-cycle gas turbines and piston engines. For the same engine volume and weight, this engine produces less specific power than a simple-cycle gas turbine, but approximately twice the power of a two-stroke engine and four times the power of a four-stroke engine. The engine has advantages in the 10 kW to 200 kW power range. This paper introduces the geometry and thermodynamic model for the engine, presents typical performance curves, and discusses the relative advantages of this engine over its competitors.

Copyright © 1999 by ASME
Topics: Engines , Disks
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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