An Advanced Spray Model for Application to the Prediction of Gas Turbine Combustor Flowfields FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Anil K. Tolpadi

General Electric Research & Development Center, Schenectady, NY

Suresh K. Aggarwal

University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL

Hukam C. Mongia

General Electric Aircraft Engines, Cincinnati, OH

Paper No. 99-GT-299, pp. V002T02A054; 9 pages
  • ASME 1999 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, June 7–10, 1999
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7859-0
  • Copyright © 1999 by ASME


It is well known that fuel preparation, its method of injection into a combustor and its atomization characteristics have a significant impact on emissions. A simple dilute spray model which assumes that droplet heating and vaporization occur in sequence has been implemented in the past within computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes at GE and has been used extensively for combustion applications. This spray model coupled with an appropriate combustion model makes reasonable predictions of the combustor pattern factor and emissions. In order to improve upon this predictive ability, a more advanced quasi-steady droplet vaporization model has been considered. This paper describes the evaluation of this advanced model. In this new approach, droplet heating and vaporization take place simultaneously (which is more realistic). In addition, the transport properties of both the liquid and vapor phases are allowed to vary as a function of pressure, gas phase temperature and droplet temperature. These transport properties which are most up to date have been compiled from various sources and appropriately curve-fit in the form of polynomials. Validation of this new approach for a single droplet was initially performed. Subsequently, calculations of the flow and temperature field were conducted and emissions (NOx, CO and UHC) were predicted for a modern single annular turbofan engine combustor using both the standard spray model and the advanced spray model. The effect of the number of droplet size ranges as well as the effect of stochastic treatment of the droplets were both investigated.

Copyright © 1999 by ASME
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