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The Role of Sulfur in the Thermal Stability of Jet Fuel FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
David W. Naegeli

Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX

Paper No. 99-GT-298, pp. V002T02A053; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/99-GT-298
From:
  • ASME 1999 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, June 7–10, 1999
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7859-0
  • Copyright © 1999 by ASME

abstract

The autoxidation of Jet A, dodecane, and a dodecane-15%-cumene blend doped with sulfur compounds were studied at 433 K. Oxygen, hydro peroxide and soluble gum were monitored during the autoxidation. Dodecane, cumene, and the dodecane-15%-cumene blend autoxidized rapidly, while Jet A had an induction period followed by a relatively slow post autoxidation. The results suggest that an inhibitor formed early in the post autoxidation of Jet A. Gum formed in the autoxidation of Jet A, whereas none was detected in dodecane, cumene, or dodecane-15% cumene. However, gum was detected in dodecane and dodecane-15% cumene doped with thiols and disulfides. Alkyl thiols and disulfides reduced the rate of autoxidation of dodecane, and there was an induction period in the formation of gum. Traces of sulfur (≈4 ppm) inhibited the autoxidation of dodecane-15% cumene in a way that resembled the post autoxidation of Jet A. Adding an organic base increased the rate of post autoxidation in Jet A and prevented formation of the oxidation inhibitor. An inhibition mechanism is proposed in which phenois are formed via acid-catalyzed decomposition of benzylic hydro peroxides.

Copyright © 1999 by ASME
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