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Deposit Formation and Mitigation in Aircraft Fuels FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Louis J. Spadaccini, David R. Sobel, He Huang

United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT

Paper No. 99-GT-217, pp. V002T02A032; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/99-GT-217
From:
  • ASME 1999 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, June 7–10, 1999
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7859-0
  • Copyright © 1999 by ASME

abstract

The development of a viable strategy for limiting coke deposition involves combining synergistic approaches for suppressing deposit buildup and reducing its impact on performance. Candidate approaches, including selection of favorable operating conditions (viz., pressure, temperature, heat flux, residence time and passage size) and coke-tolerant heat exchanger designs, were investigated to evaluate their effectiveness and provide a basis for combining them into a single design philosophy. These approaches were evaluated through testing of current jet fuels in single-tubes and segments of heat exchanger configurations at temperatures up to 1000 F, pressures up to 1200 psi and liquid hourly space velocities up to 40,000/h.

A key result of this work is the ranking of the importance of heat exchanger operating conditions on carbon deposition, with fuel temperature and those parameters that control species diffusion having the most pronounced impact. Residence time and pressure are of lesser importance. Alternative coke-tolerant heat exchanger designs featuring inter-channel communication were evaluated and ranked, with several of these concepts demonstrating improvement over continuous passages.

Copyright © 1999 by ASME
Topics: Fuels , Aircraft
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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