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Hydrogen Donors: Thermal Stabilizers for JP-8+100 at High Temperatures FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Edwin Corporan, Donald K. Minus

Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH

Paper No. 99-GT-056, pp. V002T02A008; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/99-GT-056
From:
  • ASME 1999 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, June 7–10, 1999
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7859-0
  • Copyright © 1999 by ASME

abstract

The effectiveness of hydrogen donor compounds as additives to reduce pyrolytic deposition in JP-8+100 at high temperatures was assessed. Decalin and 1,2,3,4 tetrahydroquinoline (THQ) were added to JP-8+100 at 0.5% (decalin only), 1.0 and 2.5% w/w concentrations and tested in a flow reactor at a fuel exit temperature of 600°C at 5.2 MPa. Measurements of carbon deposits along the tube and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis of the stressed and unstressed liquid fuel were used to assess effectiveness of the additive, and the degree of fuel decomposition. Additionally, liquid-to-gas conversion was determined, and the composition of the gas was determined via GC. Experimental results show significant reductions in pyrolytic deposition in JP-8+100 with the additives relative to the baseline fuel. Tests with decalin showed negligible effects on thermal oxidative deposits, while THQ produced significant increases in thermal oxidative deposits. The effects of the additives on fuel thermal decomposition and conversion rates are also discussed.

Copyright © 1999 by ASME
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