The Use of Bio-Fuels as Additives and Extenders for Aviation Turbine Fuels FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Melanie A. Kimble-Thom

Baere Aerospace Consulting, West Lafayette, IN

David L. Stanley, John T. Cholis, Denver W. Lopp

Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Paper No. 99-GT-293, pp. V002T01A007; 6 pages
  • ASME 1999 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, June 7–10, 1999
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7859-0
  • Copyright © 1999 by ASME


The use of biologically derived oils and fuels has received increasing visibility in recent years. A combination of fuel availability, refinery capacity and environmental responsibility has resulted in interest in their use in turbine engine fuels.

Such a soy methyl ester (SME) is being evaluated as a possible extender and/or additive for aviation turbine fuel per ASTM D-1655. Laboratory testing indicates additive levels of up to 2% by volume can be used while still meeting ASTM D-1655. Engine testing performed at 20% blending levels have demonstrated potential fuel consumption improvements as well as reduction in NOx emissions. The final blend levels have not yet been determined.

The use of SME even at low levels could provided performance benefits. Because of the oil nature of SME, a small addition could result in significant increases in lubricity. The use of the higher flashpoint SME could result in an upward shift in flashpoint with little or no effect to other physical properties. With increased visibility to work place considerations, the potential for “odor” abatement is also of interest.

Copyright © 1999 by ASME
Topics: Fuels , Turbines , Biofuel , Aviation
This article is only available in the PDF format.



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In