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Effects of Multi-Grade Oils in Modeling Non-Newtonian Rheology Between Piston and Cylinder Surfaces in Engine Initial Start Up Conditions

[+] Author Affiliations
Usman Chaudhri, Kendrick Aung

Lamar University, Beaumont, TX

Paper No. ICEF2014-5408, pp. V002T07A002; 7 pages
  • ASME 2014 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • Volume 2: Instrumentation, Controls, and Hybrids; Numerical Simulation; Engine Design and Mechanical Development; Keynote Papers
  • Columbus, Indiana, USA, October 19–22, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4617-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


This paper presents the results of a transient analysis of hydrodynamic lubrication between piston and cylinder surfaces in engine Initial startup conditions with a Non Newtonian lubricant under oscillatory motion. Effects of different multi-grade oil viscosities are also investigated in the simulation. The time dependent Reynolds equations use a Maxwell type model to analyze fluid rheology. A perturbation scheme is used to derive coupled non linear partial differential equations to obtain the fluid velocity. The oil film profile is predicted by solving the two-dimensional Reynolds equations using the finite difference computational method. The piston velocities in engine secondary motion are adjusted by using fourth order Runge-Kutta technique. Using different oil viscosities, the effect of viscoelasticity on lubricant velocity and pressure fields is examined and the influence of film thickness on lubricant characteristics is investigated. Numerical simulations show that piston eccentricities and film thickness profiles vary under different multi grade oils at engine start up conditions.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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