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A Novel Fuel Performance Index for LTC Engines Based on Operating Envelopes in Light-Duty Driving Cycle Simulations

[+] Author Affiliations
Kyle E. Niemeyer, Shane R. Daly

Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR

William J. Cannella

Chevron Energy Technology Company, Richmond, CA

Christopher L. Hagen

Oregon State University, Bend, OR

Paper No. ICEF2014-5478, pp. V001T02A004; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEF2014-5478
From:
  • ASME 2014 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • Volume 1: Large Bore Engines; Fuels; Advanced Combustion; Emissions Control Systems
  • Columbus, Indiana, USA, October 19–22, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4616-2
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

Low-temperature combustion (LTC) engine concepts such as homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) offer the potential of improved efficiency and reduced emissions of NOx and particulates. However, engines can only successfully operate in HCCI mode for limited operating ranges that vary depending on the fuel composition. Unfortunately, traditional ratings such as octane number poorly predict the autoignition behavior of fuels in such engine modes, and metrics recently proposed for HCCI engines have areas of improvement when wide ranges of fuels are considered. In this study, a new index for ranking fuel suitability for LTC engines was defined, based on the fraction of potential fuel savings achieved in the FTP-75 light-duty vehicle driving cycle. Driving cycle simulations were performed using a typical light-duty passenger vehicle, providing pairs of engine speed and load points. Separately, single-zone naturally aspirated HCCI engine simulations were performed for a variety of fuels in order to determine the operating envelopes for each. These results were combined to determine the varying improvement in fuel economy offered by fuels, forming the basis for a fuel performance index. Results showed that, in general, lower octane fuels performed better, resulting in higher LTC fuel index values; however, octane number alone did not predict fuel performance.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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