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Experimental Investigation of Wax Deposition at Different Deposit Locations Through a Detachable Flow Loop Apparatus

[+] Author Affiliations
Si Li, Qiyu Huang, Wenda Wang, Changhui Wang

China University of Petroleum, Beijing, Beijing, China

Zhenjun Ding

Trans-Asia Gas Pipeline Company Limited, Beijing, China

Paper No. IPC2014-33007, pp. V004T08A001; 7 pages
  • 2014 10th International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 4: Production Pipelines and Flowlines; Project Management; Facilities Integrity Management; Operations and Maintenance; Pipelining in Northern and Offshore Environments; Strain-Based Design; Standards and Regulations
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 29–October 3, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4613-1
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Wax deposition has always been a focus in the research field of flow assurance. Operating conditions are among the predominant factors that control the deposition rate and the nature of the formed deposits. However, the disadvantages of the available wax thickness measurement techniques applied to laboratory flow loops limit deeper studies on this issue. In this work, the effects of operating conditions, including temperature interval and flow rate, on wax deposition at different deposit locations are experimentally studied using a detachable flow loop apparatus. With the detachable test section, it is achievable to obtain the thickness and the wax content profiles of the deposit as functions of axial location and time. The temperature fields in the test section under both temperature intervals are simulated with CFD software FLUENT to provide more information for the analysis of deposition process. As the results manifest, the low temperature interval tends to intensify deposition, relating to the inner temperature field and wax precipitated property of the oil. The larger flow rate leads to a growth in the deposit thickness under the laminar flow regime and brings about a distinct rise in the wax content of deposit at inlet. In addition, the increase in deposit thickness and wax content indicates the phenomenon of deposit aging, and the wax deposit layer is thinner but with higher wax content at the inlet, due to the strong flow scour.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Flow (Dynamics)



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