Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Experiments and Finite Element Model Results on the Deformation Response of an X80 Weld Zone

[+] Author Affiliations
Q. Puydt, M. Kulakov, W. J. Poole

The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

L. E. Collins, S. Kenny

Evraz Inc. NA, Regina, SK, Canada

Paper No. IPC2014-33630, pp. V003T07A052; 7 pages
  • 2014 10th International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 3: Materials and Joining; Risk and Reliability
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 29–October 3, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4612-4
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


The modification of microstructure and mechanical properties of steels after a welding process has received considerable attention in the literature. In the case of welding HSLA steels for pipeline applications, the filler metal employed usually is overmatched (i.e. higher strength) compared to base metal to avoid fracture in this zone of the weld. For this reason, considerable work has emphasized microstructure evolution in the heat affected zone and the associated modification of mechanical properties in this region. In this study, the combined effect of microstructure/property distribution and the geometry of the weld are examined to understand where localization, necking and fracture occurs under tensile loading of a laboratory weld.

To achieve that, a series of tests were conducted on two different types of X80 submerged arc welds: Single and tandem wire welds. The tensile samples were machined transverse to the weld on plates 16 mm thick. Samples were tested where the geometry of the weld was preserved (i.e. the weld cap is left intact) and where the cap was removed in order to remove its effect. The local plastic strain during testing was determined using the Digital Image Correlation technique (DIC).

For the single wire weld, the influence of the cap geometry seems to be of second order, as the fracture location is the same with or without caps. But for the tandem wire welding, the fracture location is very different depending on the geometry: In the case where caps are kept, the fracture occurs outside the HAZ, in the base metal suggesting the important interplay between local mechanical properties and the weld geometry.

A Finite Element Model (FEM) was developed to gain insight into the geometrical effects on the local strain field distribution. The experimental strain distribution is compared to the FEM results to rationalize the effect of geometry. The model results are then used to discuss the position of fracture for the different samples, which correspond well to the experimental results.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In