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Novel Self-Healing Systems: Expanding and Inhibited Healing Agents

[+] Author Affiliations
S. I. Rae, I. P. Bond, R. S. Trask, D. F. Wass

University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Paper No. SMASIS2014-7637, pp. V001T01A024; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/SMASIS2014-7637
From:
  • ASME 2014 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems
  • Volume 1: Development and Characterization of Multifunctional Materials; Modeling, Simulation and Control of Adaptive Systems; Structural Health Monitoring; Keynote Presentation
  • Newport, Rhode Island, USA, September 8–10, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4614-8
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

A new approach to self-healing systems is presented that aims to overcome the inherent drawbacks of conventional liquid resin based healing systems within composites. Finite embedded systems offer limited healing potential for small volume delaminations and as such cannot effectively heal large damage volumes often associated with shear damaged sandwich panel structures or debonding between skin and core. An expanding polymer based approach aims to overcome such limitations. The mechanical and physical properties of a prepared polyepoxide foam are investigated and how the inclusion of a carbon fibre reinforcement within the foam affects processability and performance. The healing efficiency of different polymer foams to heal damaged structures is also investigated. A secondary investigation is also presented that aimed to overcome the drawbacks associated with the requirement for stoichiometric mixing of two part healing agents, or for healing agent to come into direct contact with a catalyst embedded within the matrix material. Different approaches were taken to develop a self-healing system that once deployed required no additional mixing or stimuli for healing to occur.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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