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Embedded Catalytic Healing Agents for the Repair of Fibre-Reinforced Composites

[+] Author Affiliations
Daniel Everitt, Richard Trask, Duncan Wass, Ian Bond

University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Paper No. SMASIS2014-7504, pp. V001T01A012; 7 pages
  • ASME 2014 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems
  • Volume 1: Development and Characterization of Multifunctional Materials; Modeling, Simulation and Control of Adaptive Systems; Structural Health Monitoring; Keynote Presentation
  • Newport, Rhode Island, USA, September 8–10, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4614-8
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


The inclusion of latent catalytic healing agents (CHAs) during layup of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite specimens yields a functionalised composite material with the capability to self-repair. Strategies for preventing the reaction of CHAs with prepreg resins during curing of the host material are explored.

The inclusion of catalyst as an interleave on the composite mid-plane was found to be detrimental to the fracture toughness of the double cantilever beam (DCB) specimens. A potential application for this effect includes damage redirection, whereby propagating damage is steered into self-healing features. This will be an area of interest for future investigation.

Upon failure of the composite, healing is achieved by addition of a low-viscosity epoxide monomer and heating the material to activate the curing agent. Specimens featuring embedded Sc(OTf)3 healed for 2 hours at 200°C showed a mean recovery in peak load of 79%.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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