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Thermodynamic Analysis of an Integrated Solar-Based Cooling System in UAE

[+] Author Affiliations
Mohamed Gadalla, Amani Al Hammadi

American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE

Paper No. POWER2014-32170, pp. V002T09A014; 16 pages
doi:10.1115/POWER2014-32170
From:
  • ASME 2014 Power Conference
  • Volume 2: Simple and Combined Cycles; Advanced Energy Systems and Renewables (Wind, Solar and Geothermal); Energy Water Nexus; Thermal Hydraulics and CFD; Nuclear Plant Design, Licensing and Construction; Performance Testing and Performance Test Codes; Student Paper Competition
  • Baltimore, Maryland, USA, July 28–31, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4609-4
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

Renewable energy resource is considered by many developed and developing countries as a promising and a cost effective candidate to provide energy. The operation of cooling systems in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have some operating problems especially in summer such as severe grid dependent, excessive energy consumption, high emissions and high costs. So, more economically and environmentally friendly HVAC systems are desired to provide the required electricity demands for cooling loads while saving energy and having low emissions to the environment. In this paper, a parabolic trough solar collector is integrated with a triple effect absorption cooling system for sustainable development. A computer code is developed using Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software to obtain all required thermodynamic properties of water-lithium bromide (H2O/LiBr) solution and to optimize all operating parameters and carry out all detailed energy and exergy analyses for a 10 kW cooling capacity. In addition, the parabolic trough solar collector (PTSC) is also designed for the required cooling load and its overall dynamic behavior is also investigated. The solar irradiance available in the UAE on a monthly basis is used in the analysis of a PTSC-based HVAC cooling system. Energetic and exergetic efficiencies of the PTSC for every month are also evaluated under different operating conditions. The Overall monthly energy and exergy efficiencies of the integrated PTSC-based HVAC system for a constant mass flow rate of Therminol-66 and concentration ratio are calculated. The dynamic variation of the coefficient of performance of the integrated system with the solar irradiance and mass flow rate of the oil are also evaluated. Results show that both energetic and exergetic COPs are decreased with increasing the solar irradiance for a constant mass flow rate of oil and constant concentration ratio. It is found that increasing the mass flow rate of the oil from 0.1 to 0.5 kg/s results in decreasing the energetic COP from 2.15 to 1.98 and the exergetic COP from 2.05 to 1.93.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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