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Hydropower Generation by a Self-Circulating Solar Thermosyphon

[+] Author Affiliations
Hiro Yoshida, Haruhiko Imada, Naoto Hagino

Kanagawa Institute of Technology, Atsugi, Kanagawa, Japan

Paper No. POWER2014-32023, pp. V002T09A003; 5 pages
  • ASME 2014 Power Conference
  • Volume 2: Simple and Combined Cycles; Advanced Energy Systems and Renewables (Wind, Solar and Geothermal); Energy Water Nexus; Thermal Hydraulics and CFD; Nuclear Plant Design, Licensing and Construction; Performance Testing and Performance Test Codes; Student Paper Competition
  • Baltimore, Maryland, USA, July 28–31, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4609-4
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


A self-circulating solar thermosyphon (TS) was applied to hydropower generation for the first time. A TS consists of a solar thermal collector, condenser, buffer chamber, hydropower section, heat exchanger, and recuperator. In the present study, the power output level was 10−6 W for the solar irradiation input of 102 – 103 W. The coefficient is 10−9. Considering the Carnot’s coefficient, 0.13, for the heat source and sink of temperatures 70°C and 25°C, there is room for remarkable improvement in TS hydropower generation. Moreover, the solar thermosyphon hydropower generation may provide us with new ways of utilizing heat below a temperature of 100°C, which until now has been merely used for things such as hot water supply and floor heating.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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