Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Catalytic and Non-Catalytic Combustion of Propane in a Meso-Scale Heat Recirculating Combustor

[+] Author Affiliations
Teresa A. Wierzbicki, Ivan C. Lee

U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Adelphi, MD

Ashwani K. Gupta

University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Paper No. POWER2014-32215, pp. V001T01A013; 7 pages
  • ASME 2014 Power Conference
  • Volume 1: Fuels and Combustion, Material Handling, Emissions; Steam Generators; Heat Exchangers and Cooling Systems; Turbines, Generators and Auxiliaries; Plant Operations and Maintenance; Reliability, Availability and Maintainability (RAM); Plant Systems, Structures, Components and Materials Issues
  • Baltimore, Maryland, USA, July 28–31, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4608-7
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


The results from the observed combustion behavior of propane over platinum and rhodium catalysts in a meso-scale heat recirculating combustor are presented. The extinction limits, conversion, product selectivity/yield, and activation energy using the two catalysts were compared in an effort to determine their performance using a liquid fuel. The extinction limits were also compared to those of non-catalytic combustion in the same reactor. The results showed that the addition of a catalyst greatly expanded the range of stable operating conditions, in respect to both extinction limits and flow rates supported. The Rh catalyst was found to exhibit a higher propane conversion rate, reaching a maximum of 90.4% at stoichiometric conditions (as opposed to the 61.4% offered by the Pt catalyst at lean conditions); however, the Pt catalyst had superior CO2 selectivity for most studied conditions, indicating higher combustion efficiency. The Pt catalyst also had a significantly smaller activation energy (13.8 kJ/mol) than the Rh catalyst (74.7 kJ/mol), except at equivalence ratios richer than Φ = 1.75 (corresponding to catalyst temperatures below 500 °C), where it abruptly changed to 211.4 kJ/mol, signifying a transition from diffusion-limited reactions to kinetically limited reactions at this point. The results reveal that Rh would be a more suitable catalyst for use in a liquid-fueled meso-scale combustor, as fuel conversion has been shown to be a limiting factor for combustion stability in these systems.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In