Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Parametric Effects on Exergetic Efficiency During H2-O2 Combustion Including Singlet Oxygen

[+] Author Affiliations
DeVon A. Washington

Wayne State University, Detroit, MI

Howard N. Shapiro

Iowa State University, Ames, IA

Paper No. POWER2014-32193, pp. V001T01A012; 8 pages
  • ASME 2014 Power Conference
  • Volume 1: Fuels and Combustion, Material Handling, Emissions; Steam Generators; Heat Exchangers and Cooling Systems; Turbines, Generators and Auxiliaries; Plant Operations and Maintenance; Reliability, Availability and Maintainability (RAM); Plant Systems, Structures, Components and Materials Issues
  • Baltimore, Maryland, USA, July 28–31, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4608-7
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Previous work conducted by the authors showed that for a stoichiometric inlet fuel-oxidizer ratio at 1 atm and 1200 K, an optimal range of exergetic efficiency exists for H2 combustion when singlet oxygen composes 0–20% of the oxidizer; with the maximum occurring at approximately 10%. Additionally, in the optimal range, 60% of the total exergy destruction occurs before ignition. These results provide encouraging evidence that it is possible to improve the exergetic efficiency of combustion inherently and thereby reduce fuel usage for a desired energy transfer. The focus of this study is to determine if the exergetic efficiency of combustion can be further optimized by varying other combustion parameters in addition to the inlet concentration of singlet oxygen.

The chemical kinetics simulation was accomplished by developing an adiabatic plug flow reactor model in CHEMKIN-PRO® and employing the Moscow State University H2-O2 mechanism. The ranges of parameters considered were: equivalence ratio 0.7–1.3, inlet temperature 1100–1300 K, inlet concentration of singlet oxygen 0–20%, and diluent type (Ar, N2, no dilution). Pressure was held fixed at 1 atm. The calculated quantities were: exergetic efficiency, exergy destruction before ignition, molar conversion of H2, exit temperature, ignition temperature, and ignition distance.

Results of the study show that over the optimum range the maximum exergetic efficiency occurs for an equivalence ratio of 1.3, with no dilution at 1300 K. Furthermore, the data show that for 20% inlet singlet oxygen there is significant variability in exergy destruction before ignition, ignition temperature, and ignition distance. Understanding how varying traditional combustion parameters impacts the enhancing effect that singlet oxygen has on the exergetic efficiency of H2 combustion provides a framework for directing future research efforts for hydrocarbon combustion under a broader range of operating conditions of practical engineering interest.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Combustion , Oxygen



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In