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Periodic Materials-Based 3D Seismic Base Isolators for Nuclear Power Plants

[+] Author Affiliations
Y. Yan, Y. L. Mo

University of Houston, Houston, TX

A. Laskar

WorleyParsons Group, Houston, TX

Z. Cheng, Z. Shi

Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China

F. Menq

University of Texas, Austin, TX

Y. Tang

Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL

Paper No. PVP2014-28611, pp. V008T08A008; 7 pages
  • ASME 2014 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 8: Seismic Engineering
  • Anaheim, California, USA, July 20–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4607-0
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


The concept of periodic materials, based on solid state physics theory, is applied to earthquake engineering. The periodic material is a material which possesses distinct characteristics that do not allow waves with certain frequencies to be transmitted through; therefore, this material can be used in structural foundations to block unwanted seismic waves with certain frequencies. The frequency band of periodic material that can filter out waves is called the band gap, and the structural foundation made of periodic material is referred to as the periodic foundation. In designing a periodic foundation, the first step is to match band gaps of the periodic foundation with the natural frequencies of the superstructure. This is an iterative process. Starting with a design of the periodic foundation, the band gaps are identified by performing finite element analyses using ABAQUS. This design process is repeated until the band gaps match natural frequencies of the superstructure, and the field tests of a scaled specimen are conducted to validate the design. This is an on-going research project. Presented in this paper are the preliminary results, which show that the three dimensional periodic foundation is a promising and effective way to mitigate structural damage caused by earthquake excitations.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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