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Application of Seismic Isolation Systems to High-Raised Houses in Lowland Regions

[+] Author Affiliations
H.-C. Su, C. S. Tsai

Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan

Paper No. PVP2014-28346, pp. V008T08A006; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2014-28346
From:
  • ASME 2014 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 8: Seismic Engineering
  • Anaheim, California, USA, July 20–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4607-0
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

According to the statistics of the World Bank between years 1970–2010, most economy losses caused by disasters in rich countries were due to floods and earthquakes. The East Asia was the most disastrous area in terms of the death toll caused by earthquakes, which proved that the earthquake is unpredictable. To cope with the crisis of the rise of the sea level, the concept of Marine Cities has been proposed. The most famous one among these concepts is the Dutch amphibious house. People living in earthquake and flood prone areas should be aware of the threat from oceans. Therefore, Ministry of Interior in Taiwan passed the rule 4 No. 2 in the chapter of the design and construction regulations to allow the use of high-raised buildings for reducing life and property loss. Furthermore, the most threatening natural hazards we are facing over a long period of time are floods and earthquakes. When are focusing on the flood resistant buildings in flood-prone areas, we should also aim at the prevention of earthquake disasters.

The purpose of this study is to simulate the seismic behavior of the high-raised structures with different water levels, which are capable of flood resistance. We also propose a new seismic isolation system for these structures and study its efficiency in protecting these types of structures from earthquake damage. It appears from experimental results that the seismic responses of high-raised houses have been significantly reduced by the proposed device. Experimental results also disclosed that the proposed concept in this study is feasible for protecting structures in lowlands from damage resulting from floods as well as earthquakes.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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