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An Engineering Procedure for Calculating Cleavage Fracture Toughness From Charpy Specimen Data Using a Mechanistic Approach for Ferritic Steels

[+] Author Affiliations
Robin J. Smith, Andrew H. Sherry

The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

Anthony J. Horn

AMEC Clean Energy, Warrington, UK

Adam C. Bannister

Tata Steel Research Development and Technology, Rotherham, S. Yorkshire, UK

Paper No. PVP2014-28333, pp. V06BT06A032; 12 pages
  • ASME 2014 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6B: Materials and Fabrication
  • Anaheim, California, USA, July 20–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4604-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


This research develops an engineering approach which permits the treatment of Charpy specimen absorbed energy data in the lower transition of Charpy specimen fracture behaviour. The procedure has been shown to be applicable to a ferritic steel study material. The calculation method comprises several steps to correct the input Charpy data to the equivalent material fracture toughness of a ferritic steel under consideration. The engineering procedure develops existing methods for constraint and notch correction to data [Sherry et al, EFM 2005] [Horn and Sherry, IJPVP 2012].

Micromechanical modeling of cleavage fracture behaviour has been applied in conjunction with sequential experimental testing. This work addresses the important geometric differences between a single edge notch bend, SEN(B), fracture toughness specimen and the standard Charpy V-notch specimen. The engineering approach is demonstrated using a suitable study ferritic steel material and by undertaking an experimental laboratory testing programme comprising standard fracture toughness specimens and non-standard U-notch and V-notch Charpy sized specimens with a range of notch geometries.

It has been found that constraint and notch assessment methodologies premised upon micro-mechanical modeling of cleavage fracture offer an accurate probabilistic description of fracture behaviour in these specimen geometries. Refinement of a notch angle correction is necessary within the procedure. These findings permit the extension of the approach to develop a material specific guidance to practitioners undertaking structural integrity assessments. The final extension of the research to Charpy impact data requires the measurement of ferritic steel material flow behaviour under dynamic conditions and represents further research.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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