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The Analysis of Hydrogen Diffusion Behaviors Coupled With the Analysis of Heat Transfer Around the Heat Affected Zone of Welding

[+] Author Affiliations
Toshihito Ohmi, Toshimitsu Yokobori, Kenichi Takei, Yuki Konishi

Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan

Paper No. PVP2014-28584, pp. V06BT06A018; 10 pages
  • ASME 2014 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6B: Materials and Fabrication
  • Anaheim, California, USA, July 20–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4604-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Hydrogen penetrates into the metal and causes Hydrogen embrittlement due to the increase in hydrogen concentration. This is caused by the local stress fields such as residual stress field at the site of welding or local stress field around a crack tip. It accompanied with incubation time of several hours since the components were exposed to hydrogen atmospheric condition. This incubation time is time lag of hydrogen diffusion and concentration at the site where the hydrogen embrittlement occurs. Therefore, clarification of the hydrogen diffusion behavior is important to prevent from fracture of hydrogen embrittlement.

In this paper, the numerical analyses of hydrogen diffusion around weld part including HAZ (Heat Affected Zone) under residual stress coupled with that of heat transfer during the cooling process before and after weld were conducted and the behaviors of hydrogen concentration were analyzed. On the basis of these analyses, the method of heat treatment to prevent from hydrogen concentration at the weld part was investigated. Results obtained by these analyses showed that pre weld heat treatment is effective in the prevention of hydrogen concentration and combined pre weld heat treatment with post weld heat treatment was found to be the most effective treatment.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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