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Initiation and Growth of Small Fatigue Cracks of Steels Used for Nuclear Power Plants Under Low Cycle Regime

[+] Author Affiliations
Shota Hasunuma, Takeshi Ogawa

Aoyama Gakuin University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan

Paper No. PVP2014-28237, pp. V06BT06A004; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2014-28237
From:
  • ASME 2014 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6B: Materials and Fabrication
  • Anaheim, California, USA, July 20–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4604-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

Low cycle fatigue tests were conducted for carbon steel, STS410, low alloy steel, SFVQ1A, and austenitic stainless steel, SUS316NG, which were used for nuclear power plants, in order to investigate the mechanism of fatigue damage when the plants were subjected to huge seismic loads. In these tests, the surface behavior of fatigue crack initiation and growth was observed in detail using cellulose acetate replicas, while the interior behavior was detected in terms of fracture surface morphology developed by multiple two-step strain amplitude variations with periodical surface removals. Fatigue crack growth rates were evaluated by elasto-plastic fracture mechanics approach. For SFVQ1A and SUS316NG, the fracture mechanics approach is available in order to predict the crack growth life from the metallurgical crack initiation size to the final crack length of the specimens. For STS410, numerous small cracks initiated, grew and coalesced each other on the specimen surface under low cycle fatigue regime.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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