0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Syringomyelia and the Fluid-Structure Interactions of a Cerebrospinal Waveguide

[+] Author Affiliations
Novak S. J. Elliott, Anthony D. Lucey

Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia

Duncan A. Lockerby

University of Warwick, Coventry, UK

Andrew R. Brodbelt

The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK

Paper No. PVP2014-29095, pp. V004T04A082; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2014-29095
From:
  • ASME 2014 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 4: Fluid-Structure Interaction
  • Anaheim, California, USA, July 20–24, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4601-8
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

In the disease syringomyelia, fluid-filled cavities, called syrinxes, form in the spinal cord. The expansion of these pathological pressure vessels compresses the surrounding nerve fibers and blood supply, which is associated with neurological damage. We investigate the spinal wave-propagation characteristics, principally to serve as a reference for more anatomically-detailed models. The spinal cord is modeled as an elastic cylinder, which becomes an annulus containing inviscid fluid when a syrinx is included. This is surrounded by an annulus of inviscid fluid, representing the cerebrospinal fluid occupying the subarachnoid space, with an outer rigid boundary approximating the dura mater. The axisymmetric harmonic motion is solved as an eigenvalue problem. We present dispersion diagrams and describe the physical mechanism of each wave mode. We identify potentially damaging syrinx fluid motions and tissue stress concentrations from the eigenvectors. Finally, we determine the dependence of each wave mode on syrinx radius and cord tissue compressibility.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In