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Finite Element Study on Chip Formation and Force Response in Two-Dimensional Orthogonal Cutting of Rock

[+] Author Affiliations
Demeng Che, Peidong Han, Bo Peng, Kornel F. Ehmann

Northwestern University, Evanston, IL

Paper No. MSEC2014-3952, pp. V002T02A038; 10 pages
  • ASME 2014 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference collocated with the JSME 2014 International Conference on Materials and Processing and the 42nd North American Manufacturing Research Conference
  • Volume 2: Processing
  • Detroit, Michigan, USA, June 9–13, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4581-3
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


The understanding of the rock-cutter interaction is essential for efficient rock cutting/drilling performed with polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) cutters in petroleum engineering and gas exploration. Finite element modeling of the rock cutting process still remains a challenge due to the complex material properties of rock, rock fracture and chip formation phenomena and large force oscillations during the dominant brittle cutting mode. A finite element study was conducted to investigate the chip formation and force responses in two-dimensional orthogonal cutting of rock. The Drucker-Prager model that incorporates a simple shear strain failure criterion was exploited to simulate the interactions between the rock and the cutter. A fully instrumented rock cutting testbed was developed to enable the measurements of the three orthogonal force components and of the uni-axial acceleration in the cutting direction along rectilinear tool-paths to evaluate the simulation results. The chip formation phenomena and force response predictions derived by the FEM simulations were in good agreement with the experimental tests.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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