0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Extended Porosity Rate Function for Frost Heave

[+] Author Affiliations
Basel Abdalla, Chengye Fan, Ayman Eltaher

Wood Group Kenny, Houston, TX

Colin Mckinnon

Wood Group Kenny, Staines, Middlesex, UK

Vincent Gaffard, Annie Audibert-Hayet, Edmond Coche

TOTAL, Paris, France

Paper No. OMAE2014-24221, pp. V010T07A046; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2014-24221
From:
  • ASME 2014 33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 10: Polar and Arctic Science and Technology
  • San Francisco, California, USA, June 8–13, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4556-1
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

Frost heave is a common phenomenon in the Arctic, where soil expands in the direction of heat loss due to ice lens growth upon freezing. It also occurs if a refrigerated structure is buried in unfrozen frost heave-susceptible soil, and thus special considerations are required when designing chilled or LNG pipelines in the Arctic. In the past decades, many theoretical and numerical methods have been developed to predict the frost heave of freezing soil. Among them, the rigid ice model, segregation potential model, and porosity rate function model are the most popular. These frost heave models work well in predicting the soil response during a pure freezing process, but none of these methods consider a thawing and consolidation of soil, which is the opposite but integrated process when the system undergoes the annual temperature cycle.

In this study, efforts are made to extend the porosity rate function to the thawing branch based on reasonable assumptions. With the extended model, a fluctuating surface temperature can be applied on top of the soil surface to simulate a continuous changing ambient temperature. The extended model is realized in ABAQUS with user defined subroutines. It is also validated with test data available in the public domain. As an application example, the extended model is utilized to simulate a chilled gas line buried in frost-susceptible soil to estimate its frost heave over a multi-year operation.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Porosity

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In