Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Experimental Investigation on the Role of Entrapped Air on Solitary Wave Forces on a Coastal Bridge Deck

[+] Author Affiliations
Betsy Seiffert, R. Cengiz Ertekin, Ian N. Robertson

University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI

Paper No. OMAE2014-24571, pp. V04BT02A039; 8 pages
  • ASME 2014 33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 4B: Structures, Safety and Reliability
  • San Francisco, California, USA, June 8–13, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4543-1
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Recent devastations caused by tsunami and hurricanes and the inevitability of future hurricanes making landfall have focused attention on the need to assess the vulnerability of coastal structures, and bridges in particular. Findings from a series of experiments conducted on an 1:35 scale bridge model with girders under a solitary-wave flow are presented here. Side panels are added to the bridge model to trap air pockets between the girders. A range of elevations is considered, including cases where the bottom of the deck is just above the water surface and girders are submerged, to where girders are fully elevated above the water surface. Wave parameters tested include four water depths and five wave amplitudes. A qualitative comparison is made between results for forces on the trapped-air model and results from the same set of wave parameters on a model where the side panels are removed and air is allowed to escape. Results show effects of water particle velocity, buoyancy, air compression and sloshing all have effects on both horizontal forces in the direction of wave propagation and vertical uplift forces. In particular, in the case where air is trapped between girders and cannot escape, uplift forces are considerably larger when bridge elevation is such that the girders are fully elevated above the still water level or are slightly submerged.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In