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Design Study of BOP Shear Rams Based on Validated Simulation Model and Sensitivity Studies

[+] Author Affiliations
Bhaskar Rao Tulimilli, Pramod Naik, Arindam Chakraborty, Sourabh Sawant, Alan Whooley

MCS Kenny, Houston, TX

Paper No. OMAE2014-24305, pp. V01BT01A026; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2014-24305
From:
  • ASME 2014 33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 1B: Offshore Technology
  • San Francisco, California, USA, June 8–13, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4538-7
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

Blowout Preventers (BOP) are safety devices used to prevent uncontrolled flow of liquids and gases during a blowout. Blind Shear Rams (BSR) is one of the critical components of a BOP responsible for shearing the drill pipe and sealing the wellbore during a blowout scenario. Tests were conducted by shearing a drill pipe under non-flowing conditions to obtain the maximum shearing force, shape of sheared drill pipes, shearing time. A FE methodology has been developed to model the shearing process using Abaqus Explicit finite element solver. Simulations were performed to replicate the shop test and the results are compared with the shop test and found to be in good agreement. The current study uses a validated model for evaluating some of the challenges being faced by the BOP shear ram technology. These include drill pipe centralization in the well bore, shearing of a drill pipe subjected to axial tension, compression and buckling, and shearing in flowing well conditions. All these studies are performed and their effect on shearing process is discussed.

The effect of high velocity formation fluid through the drill pipe and annulus in the localized shearing region is also assessed separately by performing Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations and it is found that the resistance offered by flowing fluid is not significant compared to the high pressure from accumulators required to shear the pipe. A shear ram design accommodating the results of the study is verified for increased efficiency of the shearing process. The study is conducted as part of a Technology Assessment Programs (TAP) for the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) in the areas of BOP stack sequencing, monitoring and kick detection.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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