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Three-Dimensional Structural Evaluation of a Gas Turbine Engine Rotor

[+] Author Affiliations
Partha S. Das

PSM, An Alstom Company, Jupiter, FL

Paper No. GT2014-26375, pp. V07AT31A025; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2014-26375
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7A: Structures and Dynamics
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4576-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by Alstom Technologie AG

abstract

Engine rotors are one of the most critical components of a heavy duty industrial gas turbine engine, as it transfers mechanical energy from rotor blades to a generator for the production of electrical energy. In general, these are larger bolted rotors with complex geometries, which make analytical modeling of the rotor to determine its static, transient or dynamic behaviors difficult. For this purpose, powerful numerical analysis approaches, such as, the finite element method, in conjunction with high performance computers are being used to analyze the current rotor systems.

The complexity in modeling bolted rotor behavior under various loadings, such as, airfoil, centrifugal and gravity loadings, including engine induced vibration is one of the main challenges of simulating the structural performance of an engine rotor. In addition, the internal structural temperature gradients that can be encountered in the transient state as a result of start-up and shutdown procedures are generally higher than those that occur in the steady-state and hence thermal shock is important factor to be considered relative to ordinary thermal stress. To address these issues, the current paper presents the steady-state & quasi-static analyses (to approximate transient responses) of two full 3-D industrial gas turbine engine rotors, SW501F & GE-7FA rotor, comprising of both compressor & turbine sections together. Full 3-D rotor analysis was carried out, since the 2-D axisymmetric model is inadequate to capture the complex geometries & out of plane behavior of the rotor. Both non-linear steady-state & transient analyses of a full gas turbine engine rotor was performed using the general purpose finite element analysis program ABAQUS.

The paper presents in detail the FEA modeling technique, overall behavior of the full rotor under various loadings, as well as, the critical locations in the rotor with respect to its strength and life. The identification of these critical locations is needed to help with the repair of the existing rotors and to improve and extend the operational/service life of these rotors.

Copyright © 2014 by Alstom Technologie AG
Topics: Gas turbines , Rotors

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