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Operational Modal Analysis of Torsional Modes in Rotating Machinery

[+] Author Affiliations
Eoin Peter Carden, Mattias Lindblad

Lloyd’s Register Consulting, Stockholm, Sweden

Paper No. GT2014-26305, pp. V07AT31A023; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2014-26305
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7A: Structures and Dynamics
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4576-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

Traditional experimental modal testing techniques rely on controlled and measured excitation together with measured responses in order to identify the mode shape, natural frequency and damping factor of each mode. Applying a controlled and measured excitation to a rotor train when in operation is logistically difficult and especially challenging in the field. Operational modal analysis (OMA) identifies the modal parameters of a system from measurement of response due to some (unknown) excitation. OMA has proven successful over the past several decades on non-rotating structures but has relatively rarely been applied to rotating machinery. Case studies are presented demonstrating the use of OMA in identifying torsional modes on an electric motor driven reciprocating compressor, on a diesel engine driven fire water pump and on a marine propulsion system. In contrast to lateral modes, torsional modes of rotor trains are typically not speed dependent. However phenomena exist whereby the torsional modes may be different at stand still, off-load and at different loads. The case studies provide examples of such phenomena and also of significant differences between predicted and measured behaviour which suggests that improvements in industrial practice would be beneficial. Such improvements should be based on reconciliation of measured and predicted behaviour and OMA offers a valuable tool to facilitate this. OMA provides a significant benefit in investigating and understanding torsional behaviour in operation.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Machinery

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