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Assessment of Fracture Toughness and Fatigue Crack Growth Threshold of a Welded Joint Constituent of a Steam Turbine LP Rotor

[+] Author Affiliations
M.-H. Herman Shen, Sajedur Akanda

Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

Xia Liu, Peng Wang

Shanghai Electric Power Generation Equipment Co. Ltd., Shanghai, China

Paper No. GT2014-25422, pp. V07AT29A006; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7A: Structures and Dynamics
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4576-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


In order to ensure safety and reliability of steam turbine welded rotors, the present investigation focuses on evaluation of crack initiation, growth, and resistance parameters of base metal (BM), weld metal (WM) and heat affected zone (HAZ) of a steam turbine rotor welded joint constituent. The experimental part consists of three-point bending conducted on single edge notch bend specimens to induce stable crack propagation. The crack size was calculated by incorporating the crack opening displacement measured by a clip-gage, in a compliance method. The fatigue crack threshold was obtained from a crack growth rate curve according to ASTM E647 and the fracture toughness was determined from a J-based resistance curve according to ASTM E1820. From the experimental results the fatigue crack threshold is found to be a function of loading ratio rather than a single material parameter. From the fracture toughness results, the WM and the BM are found to have similar KIc values whereas HAZ is found to have slightly better KIc values although HAZ had little crack extension during the experiments.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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