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The Experimental Investigations of Centripetal Air Bleed With Tubed Vortex Reducer for Secondary Air System in Gas Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
Xiao Chen, Ye Feng, Lijun Wu

AVIC Commercial Aircraft Engine Co., Ltd., Shanghai, China

Paper No. GT2014-26959, pp. V05CT16A038; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5C: Heat Transfer
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4573-8
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


In a modern gas turbine, the air bled through High Pressure Compressor (HPC) rotor drums from the main flow is transported radially inwards and then transferred to cool the High Pressure Turbine (HPT). The centripetal air flow creates a strong vortex, which results in huge pressure losses. This not only restricts the mass flow rate, but also reduces the cooling air pressure for down-stream hot components. Adding vortex reducer tubes to the centripetal air bleed can reduce the pressure loss and ensure the pressure and mass flow rate of the supply air. Design optimization of the tubed vortex reducer is essential in minimizing the pressure losses.

This paper describes experimental investigations of different configurations of tubed vortex reducers at different rotational speeds and mass flow rates. Particular attention is paid to the shape of the drum hole, the length of the tubed vortex reducers at the same installation location, and the angles of the nozzle guide vane outlets. The core section of test rig is comprised of two steel disks, one drum rotor and stationary cases with nozzle guide vanes. It operates at representative engine parameters, such as the turbulent flow parameter, λT(0.2–1.8) and the Rossby number Ro(0.05–0.08). Three conclusions can be drawn based on the experimental results. 1) The shape of the drum hole is a key factor of the bleed system pressure loss. An oval hole configuration has less flow resistance and results in lower pressure losses compared with a circular hole design. 2) The tests prove that tubed vortex reducers are instrumental in minimizing centripetal air flow. These components effectively restrain the free vortex development and decrease the pressure losses in the cavity. 3) Basically, the flow field consists of a free vortex and a forced vortex. The length of the tube influences the flow field and the pressure losses at the inlet and outlet of the tubed vortex reducer. However, the tube length is less important when compared with the shape of drum hole.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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