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Numerical Investigations on the Leakage and Rotordynamic Characteristics of Pocket Damper Seals: Part II — Effects of Partition Wall Type, Partition Wall Number and Cavity Depth

[+] Author Affiliations
Zhigang Li, Zhenping Feng

Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China

Jun Li

Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, ChinaCollaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Aero-Engine, Beijing, China

Paper No. GT2014-25301, pp. V05CT16A006; 12 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5C: Heat Transfer
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4573-8
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Effects of partition wall type, partition wall number and cavity depth on the leakage and rotordynamic characteristics of the pocket damper seal (PDS) were numerically investigated using a presented 3D transient CFD method based on the multi-frequency elliptical whirling orbit model. The accuracy and availability of this transient CFD method and the multi-frequency elliptical whirling orbit model were demonstrated with the experimental data of the experimental eight-bladed fully-partitioned pocket damper seal (FPDS). The leakage flow rates and frequency-dependent rotordynamic coefficients of PDS were computed for two types of partition wall (namely conventional PDS and fully-partitioned PDS), four partition wall numbers including the labyrinth seal (no partition wall) and six cavity depths including the plain smooth seal (zero cavity depth) at operational conditions with or without inlet preswirl and 15000rpm rotational speed. The numerical results show that the FPDS has the similar leakage performance and more superior stability capacity than the conventional PDS. The FPDS possesses slightly larger leakage flow rate (∼2.6–4.0% larger) compared to the labyrinth seal. Eight is a preferable value for the partition wall number to gain the best leakage performance of the FPDS with the least manufacturing cost. The FPDS possesses significantly larger stiffness and damping than the labyrinth seal. Increasing partition wall number results in a significant increase in the direct stiffness but limited desirable effect on the effective damping. The FPDS possesses the lowest leakage flow rate when the cavity depth is about 2.0mm. Compared to the plain smooth seal, the FPDS possesses larger positive direct stiffness and significantly less direct damping and effective damping. Increasing cavity depth results in a significant decrease in the stabilizing direct damping and the magnitude of the destabilizing cross-coupling stiffness. H = 3.175mm is a preferable value of the cavity depth for which the effective damping of the FPDS is largest, especially for the concerned frequencies (80–120Hz) where most multistage high-pressure centrifugal compressors have stability problem.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Dampers , Cavities , Leakage



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