0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Aerodynamics Comparisons Between Two Typical Gas Turbine Combustion Swirlers

[+] Author Affiliations
Yi-Huan Kao, Jacob B. Haseman, Samir B. Tambe, San-Mou Jeng

University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH

Paper No. GT2014-26137, pp. V04BT04A015; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2014-26137
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4569-1
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

In this work, a series of tests have been conducted to study the aerodynamics of two typical gas turbine combustion swirlers, using Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV). The first swirler used is a coaxial counter-rotating, radial-radial swirler, designated as the R-R swirler. The primary swirler accounts for 40% of the total effective area of the R-R swirler. The second swirler employed consists of an inner dual-axial swirler assembly with only around 20% of total swirler effective area and an outer coaxial radial swirler, and is designated as the A-R swirler. The aim of this work is to compare the aerodynamics performance of these two different types of swirlers under similar boundary conditions, such as confinement effect, downstream exhaust nozzle, and chamber length.

The R-R swirler has a very high radial dispersing rate, and for the unconfined case, the swirling jet remained attached to the dome plate resulting in a very weak, unbound CTRZ. The swirling jet for the A-R swirler exited at a relatively low expansion angle. For confined cases, the swirling jet attached to the walls of the confinement at a certain distance downstream of the exit plane for both swirlers.

When the exhaust nozzle was applied as a downstream boundary condition, a spinning vortex core with high turbulent intensity was detected along the swirler axis for the A-R swirler, whereas the only difference for the R-R swirler was a slight reduction in the expansion angle of the swirling jet. The proximity of the exhaust nozzle to the swirlers was changed by changing the chamber length. For the R-R swirler, the effect of chamber length was only detected in the near-field region. For the A-R swirler, a reduction in chamber length caused the spinning vortex core to become more intense. Additionally, an annular CTRZ was observed for the shorter chamber lengths.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In