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Influence of Injection Ratio of Dual-Injection Type Air-Blast Fuel Nozzle on Emission Characteristics Applied to Rectangular Single-Sector Combustor Under Atmospheric Condition

[+] Author Affiliations
Mitsumasa Makida, Yoji Kurosawa, Hideshi Yamada

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Chofu, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. GT2014-25988, pp. V04BT04A002; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2014-25988
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4569-1
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

In the TechCLEAN project of JAXA, experimental research had been conducted to develop a combustor for a small aircraft engine. The combustor was tuned to show the behavior of the Rich-Lean combustion through tests under atmospheric and practical conditions. Finally, through full annular combustion experiments under practical conditions, the combustor was tuned to reduce NOx emissions to almost 40% of the ICAO CAEP4 standard, also sustaining low CO and THC emissions. In the developing process of above combustors, to simplify the combustor system, air blast type fuel nozzles with single fuel injection and dual swirlers were applied. Successively, in this report, the fuel nozzle is modified to dual fuel injection type with triple swirlers, aiming to control combustion performance under varying load conditions. Fuel is injected from inner and outer injection circuits, and the injection ratio between them is treated as one of the parameters.

The combination of swirl direction of the three swirlers is selected at first through ignition and blowout tests. Secondly, spray patterns of the selected fuel nozzle are observed with different fuel injection ratios. Thirdly, the nozzle is applied to a rectangular single-sector combustor, and tested under atmospheric pressure with inlet temperature of 500K. NOx, CO, CO2, THC and O2 compositions in the exhaust gas are measured, and correlation among measured emissions data and fuel injection ratio is estimated to examine the influence of the injection ratio on combustion characteristics of the Rich-Lean type aero engine combustor.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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