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Influence of Volute Cross-Sectional Shape of a Nozzleless Turbocharger Turbine Under Pulsating Flow Conditions

[+] Author Affiliations
Mingyang Yang, Ricardo Martinez-Botas

Imperial College London, London, UK

Srithar Rajoo

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia

Takao Yokoyama, Seiichi Ibaraki

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Nagasaki, Japan

Paper No. GT2014-26150, pp. V02DT42A025; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2014-26150
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2D: Turbomachinery
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4563-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents an experimental and computational investigation of the influence of volute cross-sectional shape on the performance of a radial turbocharger turbine under pulsating conditions. Two volute configurations (denoted volute A and B) with the same area-to-radius ratio (A/R) distribution but different aspect ratios are rapid prototyped and tested with a same radial rotor. Experimental results show that the turbine with smaller aspect ratio volute (volute A), which has a squarish shape, shows consistently better cycle averaged efficiency at different loadings and frequencies, and the magnitude of improvement is influenced by the operational conditions. In consequent to experiments, a reduced order unsteady computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method was employed to investigate the mechanism of the performance discrepancies between volute A and B. Computational results show a stronger flow angle distortion in both circumferential and spanwise direction for volute B. Furthermore, compared with the volute A, the flow distortion near the shroud at the rotor inlet is evidently amplified by the volute B under pulsating conditions compared with the corresponding steady condition. Results in this paper, in general, demonstrate a direction for desired volute cross-sectional shape to be used in a turbocharger radial turbine.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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