Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Aerodynamic Design and Optimization of a Small Scale Wind Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
G. Kröger, U. Siller

AeroDesignWorks GmbH, Cologne, Germany

J. Dabrowski

enbreeze GmbH, Cologne, Germany

Paper No. GT2014-26937, pp. V02BT45A021; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2B: Turbomachinery
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4561-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Small scale wind turbines can meet a substantial part of the electricity demand of residential buildings and facilities in isolated areas. It is a curious fact, however, that for many of these systems the actual power output has been dramatically overestimated. This can be partially explained by the very high rated wind speeds at which the design power output applies. The current work depicts the pathway to an aerodynamically optimized design of a small scale horizontal axis wind turbine in the 1kW class, optimized for wind speeds between 3.5 m/s and 5.5 m/s, a typical range of the energetic average of urban wind speeds. The aerodynamic stability of the blade has been a particular focus leading to a nearly constant efficiency over a range of wind speeds. The rotating speed of the system is adjusted to the optimal tip speed ratio at wind speeds up to maximum power via active control of the aerodynamic torque of the rotor blades. This is realized by adapting the generator torque to the current wind speed guaranteeing optimal efficiency and power output. The rotor blade optimization has been conducted unconventionally, in a turbomachinery-inspired 3D-blade design optimization campaign, using high-fidelity compressible CFD. This approach is described in detail, focussing on geometry parametrization and the numerical model with reasonable boundary conditions. Finally, the aerodynamic performance of the rotor blade is assessed at different wind speeds and pitching angles.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In