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Towards a Highly Efficient Small Scale Turboshaft Engine: Part I — Engine Concept and Compressor Design

[+] Author Affiliations
G. Kröger, U. Siller

AeroDesignWorks GmbH, Cologne, Germany

T. Moser, S. Hediger

Creative Technologies GmbH, Niederndorf, Switzerland

Paper No. GT2014-26368, pp. V02BT45A015; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2B: Turbomachinery
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4561-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Today’s UAV helicopter industry faces a lack of highly reliable, SFC optimized turboshaft engines in the 40kW to 100kW class, resulting in a significant drawback for the overall flight envelope and the system availability of these aircraft. This paper describes the design process for a turboshaft engine with a shaft power output of about 80kW. A thermodynamic cycle model is derived from the flight envelope of the Swiss UAV NEO S-350 helicopter drone. Different compressor configurations are analysed and discussed with regard to the power output and SFC of the engine as well as to manufactural constraints. Combining a high flow density with a high isentropic efficiency and pressure ratio, a three stage compressor configuration was selected. The design is based on two axial front stages with a total pressure ratio of 1.55 and 1.45, respectively, and a diagonal last stage with a total pressure ratio of 2.8. Finally, the aero-mechanical design and optimization process of the compressor is depicted and the manufactural process is described. The engine prototype is expected to be tested the first time in 2014.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Engines , Compressors , Design



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