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Validation Results for a Diverse Set of Turbomachinery Cases Using a Density Based OpenFOAM® Solver

[+] Author Affiliations
Mark R. Anderson

IntegralX Inc., Norwich, VT

Daryl L. Bonhaus

Concepts NREC, White River Junction, VT

Paper No. GT2014-25977, pp. V02BT39A020; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2014-25977
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2B: Turbomachinery
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4561-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

A validation study of a variety of compressible flow turbomachinery cases is presented with comparisons to test data using OpenFOAM. OpenFOAM is open-source code consisting of various solvers and computational libraries focused on CFD. The study used a particular solver version with a density based approach that was derived from the “extended” branch of OpenFOAM. The example cases all consisted of single blade row designs at steady state and were run fully viscous (unless noted otherwise) with various turbulence models.

The results showed a definite superiority of the density based solver over other OpenFOAM solvers in a test suite of simplified cases as well as in more complex examples in actual turbomachinery designs. A typical Laval nozzle case and transonic bump case are presented demonstrating the basic ability of the solver to capture shocks and to handle transonic flow in general. Actual turbomachinery applications consisted of a two-dimensional transonic compressor cascade, a moderately supersonic two-dimensional turbine cascade, two radial compressor cases, and a radial inflow turbine.

The results showed the solver to be very capable of capturing pressure distributions and, most importantly, aerodynamic loss through the machines. The ability of the solver to accurately model performance in a wide range of different designs and across the entire performance map was demonstrated. Detailed comparisons to highly regarded test data are shown.

Special examination was made of the computational costs of the solver which were quite high with run times coming in at about 10 times longer than other commercial compressible flow solvers. Several acceleration methods are discussed which significantly improved run time performance.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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