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Non-Axisymmetric Turbine Endwall Aerodynamic Optimization Design: Part I — Turbine Cascade Design and Experimental Validations

[+] Author Affiliations
Hao Sun, Liming Song, Zhenping Feng

Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China

Jun Li

Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, ChinaCollaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Aero-Engine, Beijing, China

Paper No. GT2014-25362, pp. V02BT39A006; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2014-25362
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2B: Turbomachinery
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4561-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

The non-axisymmetric endwall profiling has been proven to be an effective tool to reduce the secondary flow loss in turbomachinery. In this work, the aerodynamic optimization for the non-axisymmetric endwall profile of the turbine cascade and stage was presented and the design results were validated by annular cascade experimental measurements and numerical simulations. The parametric method of the non-axisymmetric endwall profile was proposed based on the relation between the pressure field variation and the secondary flow intensity. The optimization system combines with the non-axisymmetric endwall parameterization method, global optimization method of the adaptive range differential evolution algorithm and the aerodynamic performance evaluation method using three-dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) and kω SST turbulent with transition model solutions. In the part I, the optimization method is used to design the optimum non-axisymmetric endwall profile of the typical high loaded turbine stator. The design objective was selected for the maximum total pressure coefficient with constrains on the mass flow rate and outlet flow angle. Only five design variables are needed for one endwall to search the optimum non-axisymmetric endwall profile. The optimized non-axisymmetric endwall profile of turbine cascade demonstrated an improvement of total pressure coefficient of 0.21% absolutely, comparing with the referenced axisymmetric endwall design case. The reliability of the numerical calculation used in the aerodynamic performance evaluation method and the optimization result were validated by the annular vane experimental measurements. The static pressure distribution at midspan was measured while the cascade flow field was measured with the five-hole probe for both the referenced axisymmetric and optimized non-axisymmetric endwall profile cascades. Both the experimental measurements and numerical simulations demonstrated that both the secondary flow losses and the profile loss of the optimized non-axisymmetric endwall profile cascade were significantly reduced by comparison of the referenced axisymmetric case. The weakening of the secondary flow of the optimized non-axisymmetric endwall profile design was also proven by the secondary flow vector results in the experiment. The detailed flow mechanism of the secondary flow losses reduction in the non-axisymmetric endwall profile cascade was analyzed by investigating the relation between the change of the pressure gradient and the variation of the secondary flow intensity.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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