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Visualization and Time Resolved PIV Measurements of the Flow in the Tip Region of a Subsonic Compressor Rotor

[+] Author Affiliations
David Tan, Yuanchao Li, Ian Wilkes, Rinaldo L. Miorini, Joseph Katz

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD

Paper No. GT2014-27195, pp. V02AT37A051; 13 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2A: Turbomachinery
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4560-8
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


A new optically index matched facility has been constructed to investigate tip flows in compressor-like settings. The blades of the one and a half stage have the same geometry, but lower aspect ratio as the inlet guide vanes and the first stage of the LSAC facility at NASA Glenn. With transparent blades and casings, the new setup enables unobstructed velocity measurements at any point within the tip region, and is designed to facilitate direct measurements of effects of casing treatments on the flow structure. We start with a smooth endwall casing. High speed movies of cavitation and time-resolved PIV measurements have been used to characterize the location, trajectory, and behavior of the Tip Leakage Vortex (TLV) for two flow rates, the lower one representing pre-stall conditions. Results of both methods show consistent trends. As the flow rate is reduced, TLV rollup occurs further upstream, and its initial orientation becomes more circumferential. At pre-stall conditions, the TLV is initially aligned slightly upstream of the rotor passage, and subsequently forced downstream. Within the passage, the TLV breaks up into a large number of vortex fragments, which occupy a broad area. Consequently, the cavitation in the TLV core disappears. With decreasing flow rate, this phenomenon becomes more abrupt, occurs further upstream, and the fragments occupy a larger area.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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