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Axial Inclination of the Bristle Pack, a New Design Parameter of Brush Seals for Improved Operational Behavior in Steam Turbines

[+] Author Affiliations
H. Schwarz, J. Friedrichs

TU Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany

J. Flegler

Siemens AG, Mülheim, Germany

Paper No. GT2014-26330, pp. V01BT27A036; 12 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1B: Marine; Microturbines, Turbochargers and Small Turbomachines; Steam Turbines
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4558-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Within this paper, the axial inclination of the bristle pack as a new design parameter for brush seals for use in a steam turbine and other rotating equipment is discussed. It is widely known that the behavior of brush seals can be influenced by important main design parameters of the bristle pack such as, but not limited to, the bristle thickness, the lay angle or the bristle length. Furthermore, the variation of the front and back plate results in different seal characteristics [1]. Each one of these parameters also has an influence on bristle damping, the blow down capability and thus the leakage flow. In addition, under changing and transient operating conditions, the radial adaptivity, which is essential for accommodating shaft deflection, is also a very important property. For a comprehensive seal design, the wear characteristic and deterioration effects have to be considered beside the above mentioned properties. At the Technical University of Braunschweig, brush seals are experimentally investigated with above focus on different test rigs. These rigs allow a detailed sealing performance investigation including live bristle pack observations and blow down measurement using cold air as well as brush seal investigations using live steam conditions up to 50bars and 450°C and a rotating shaft with representative rotational velocity. The paper shows and discusses experimental results of different axial inclinations of the bristle pack, while testing with constant front and back plate designs. The influences on the blow down, the axial behavior of the bristle pack, the leakage flow and the bristle pack stiffness are shown. The new effect of a rotating blow down type of bristle oscillation is also shown and discussed and finally a classification of the seal behavior depending of the different axial inclination is given.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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