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Numerical Investigation of Turbulence Modelling on Condensing Steam Flows in Turbine Cascade

[+] Author Affiliations
Yogini Patel, Teemu Turunen-Saaresti, Giteshkumar Patel, Aki Grönman

Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland

Paper No. GT2014-26307, pp. V01BT27A035; 14 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1B: Marine; Microturbines, Turbochargers and Small Turbomachines; Steam Turbines
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4558-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Understanding the condensation process at the low-pressure (LP) turbine is important because condensation introduces extra losses, and erosion caused by the droplets wear turbine blades. The paper presents an investigation of the turbulence modelling on the non-equilibrium homogeneous condensing steam flow in a stationary turbine cascade employing 2D compressible Navier-Stokes (NS) equations. The classical nucleation theory is utilized to model the condensation phenomena. The performance of various turbulence models (i.e., the Spalart-Allmaras, the k-ω, the k-ε, the RNG k-ε, the Realizable k-ε, and the SST k-ω) in condensing steam flows is discussed. The SST k-ω model is modified and implemented into a commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. Substantial improvements in the prediction accuracy are observed when compared with the original SST k-ω model. Overall, the modified model is in excellent agreement with the measurements in all studied test cases of the turbine cascade. The qualitative and quantitative analysis illustrates the importance of turbulence modeling in wet-steam flows.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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